# Diary Study
Diary studies record the use of a product in the actual context and over a longer period of time.
Diary studies are conducted over an extended period of time in the intended environment of the product. The participants independently document their experiences and activities with the product in a given diary. It makes sense to specify a structure for the diary, e.g. questions to be answered or tasks to be performed. Diary studies can be realized classically with paper and pen, as web-based version or as video recording.
Qualitative data on a user's behaviour, activities, and experiences with a product in the actual context of use.
In preparation, the objectives of the study must be formulated and the form and scope of the diary defined. Also, the task for the participants must be formulated and the participants selected. If technology (e.g. video cameras) is to be used, it must also be prepared.
At the beginning of the implementation, a meeting with all participants to introduce the study, present the diary and, if necessary, explain how to use the technology is useful. While the study is running, the participants should be continuously supervised and there should always be a contact person available. A regular reminder to fill in the diary can also be helpful. At the end of the study, there is often a final interview in which questions can be asked about the respondent's entries. Feedback from the respondent can also be obtained in order to improve future studies.
After the diary study, the notes must be evaluated and prepared for documentation.
# Tools and templates
For each subject:
- Prepared diary in paper form, or
- Laptop/Tablet/(Smartphone) for recording in a web-based diary, or
- Recording device (audio or video)
The method takes place in the natural environment of the usage situation and results are not falsified by laboratory conditions.
The results are strongly dependent on the motivation and participation of the participants. On the one hand, the participants must have understood exactly how the entries are to be made. On the other hand, they must repeatedly write entries in good quality and with meaningful content. The evaluation of a diary study is time-consuming since it concerns numerous qualitative data.
- Bolger, N., Davis, A., Rafaeli, E. (2003) DIARY METHODS: Capturing Life as it is Lived, Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2003. 54:579–616
- Flaherty, K. (2016) Diary Studies: Understanding Long-Term User Behavior and Experiences
- Kunz, A., Gruber, U., Murtinger, M., Tscheligi, M., (2013) Experience Tagebücher: Potentiale und Einschränkungen der Methode sowie Gesetzmäßigkeiten für den richtigen Einsatz In: Brau, H., Lehmann, A., Petrovic, K. & Schroeder, M. C. (Hrsg.), Tagungsband UP13. Stuttgart: German UPA e.V.. (S. 194-199)
- Moser, C. (2012) User Experience Design - Mit erlebniszentrierter Softwareentwicklung zu Produkten, die begeistern, Springer Verlag
- Reitmaier M. (2014) Usability für Ingenieure und Informatiker: Methoden - Analyse: Tagebuchstudie